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How to Grow Ground Cherries & What To Do With Them

My 2017 “what the hell does it taste like?” choice in the garden was ground cherries also known as Cape Gooseberries. Unlike the hardy kiwis I planted 4 years ago that never seem to do much they’re a quick crop and you’ll get fruit the same year you plant!

Which is good because you grow them as an annual. It would be pretty rough if they only lived one season and took 2-6 to fruit.

Growing Ground Cherries

Ground cherries need to be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost. Or, like me, when you find the seed you put in the drawer so you wouldn’t lose it.

I started mine in small square pots filled with seed starting mix. I put them on the heat mat to germinate under a humidity dome. When the seedlings emerged I moved them under my grow light. I can’t keep the light low enough with the dome on so it’s one or the other.

garden bed with pole beans and ground cherries in front of cattle panel arch covering turtle sandbox with little girl

Harden off the seedlings before transplanting. I move mine out to the shaded deck where they’re protected from the chickens during the afternoon for a few days to get used to the outdoors. Try to transplant on an overcast day, even better if it’s going to rain soon.

My whole vegetable garden is in raised beds so that’s where these guys go. My beds don’t have bottoms, they’re just frames that I can build up the soil inside to help with drainage.

They’re mostly filled with alpaca poop, some peat moss and organic fertilizer. I have very clay soil that makes growing things a challenge without lots of organic matter on hand.

Last year I planted them along the cattle panel trellis, you can the the three small-ish light green plants in the bed. Even though they were small they still have flowers and fruit on them in the picture. I don’t think they got as much sun as they needed and I think I’m going to grow them on the other side of the garden next to the asparagus this year.

Ground cherries grow very much like tomatoes. Move them outdoors after the last frost date and plant in full sun. You can use tomato cages to support the plants and help keep them contained. Ground cherries are very light and don’t need something overly strong to support them.

You can plant them deeply, like tomatoes they will send out roots along the length of their stem. Use mulch to keep the soil moist and make harvesting easier (I’ll get back to that in a second!).

I planted the variety: Aunt Molly’s Ground Cherry, which seems to be one of the most popular and easily available. I purchased my seeds from Baker Creek and I did again this year as well. I’ll probably try a different variety but I liked the ones I grew last year and I want to give them another shot in a better location.

A mature ground cherry plant (bush?) can have 300+ flowers on it at once. They ripen individually and you’ll have ripe fruit, flowers and buds on the same plant all at the same time.

When the fruit is ripe it falls right off the plant. That’s where a good mulch makes life easy. The papery husks on the fruit are a light tan so using a dark mulch will let the fruits stand out for easy picking. I wouldn’t use straw, that’s almost the same exact color as the husks!

What Do You Do with Ground Cherries?

You started the plants, carefully acclimated them to the outdoors, transplanted, watered and mulched them. After about 70 days (depending on variety) the fruit will begin to trickle in.

If you plan to make something with your ground cherries make sure you put in a few plants. This year I’m planting 6, I’m hoping that leaves enough for fresh eating and some jam or maybe a pie.

Knowing me I’ll cook them down with a little sugar and fold them into whipped cream like my Berry Trifles or Black Raspberry Fool.

I ate all the berries I didn’t give away fresh. They have a very unique flavor. Everyone I shared them with was very  surprised by the flavor. Store them in their husks in a cool dry place and they’ll last up to 3 months.

If you’re a better ground cherry farmer than me you can try your hand at any of these lovely recipes :

Mini Ground Cherry Pies by Freshly Baked by Photo Kitchen

Ground Cherry Crumb Pie by Linn Acres Farm

Ground Cherry Clafoutis by Chez Us

Ground Cherry Jalapeno Pepper Jelly by Picky to Plenty

Ground Cherry Lemon Jelly by Common Sense Homestead

Ground Cherry Jam from At the Immigrants Table

Ground Cherry Salsa by The Dig In

Tomato Ground Cherry Salsa with Cilantro & Lime by Seattle Local Food

Cherry Tomato and Ground Cherry Salsa by A Farm Girl Dabbles

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Looking to grow more unique fruits? Check out my gardening page or start here:

Add some charm to your garden with Alpine Strawberries. They're a true perennial you can grow from seed and get berries your first year!


Wednesday 6th of November 2019

Ground cherries are the easiest things I grow. I planted them once and have been enjoying them every year since, as they are prolific self seeders. They tend to germinate late and take some time to size up, which is helpful given I live in Ontario, Canada. I don't have to worry about hardening off or frost. They will pop up all over my 12x12 bed, so I let them spread in between and amongst my garlic. Because they take awhile to really size up, they don't compete with the garlic which is pulled at the end of July here. Then the ground cherries have the space to themselves and they will produce right up to the first frost in the fall. Thanks for the recipe ideas. We mostly eat them fresh but I get a tonne of them so I'm making jam this year. Have you ever tried Jerusalem artichokes?

Rick Fenneman

Tuesday 12th of February 2019

This really brings back memories for me. My grandmother always had these growing along side her gardening shed. She canned these with peaches in a kind of sugary light syrup. This was on the table for every meal. Miss that and miss her. She has been gone for over 40 years and I still have fond memories of her and those ground cherries. Really nice post on an unusual subject.


Wednesday 13th of February 2019

Thank you! Your grandmother sounds like a wonderful woman. I lost my grandfather a few years ago and he was the one that taught me to grow things, he used to plant green bean teepees and let me help when the new chicks came in. I do those things now with my kids to keep the tradition and memories alive.