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Punch Needle Embroidery Basics

There’s a new love in my life. I recently discovered the magical world of punch needle embroidery. It’s a pretty old school needle craft that has a lot going for it.

Why Punch Needle Embroidery Should be Your New Hobby

1 – It’s really cheap as far as crafting hobbies go. The only spendy parts are the embroidery pen or punch needle and a hoop. Embroidery floss is very inexpensive and you hardly use any fabric at all.

2 – It doesn’t take up a whole lot of space, you can store everything you need in a small box. I use one of the shoe box style craft containers from Michael’s. I also keep my floss in a plastic case when I’m feeling organized.

#punchneedle #freepunchneedle #freeembroiderypattern #punchneedleembroidery #acornembroidery

3 – The finished pieces are small and easier to store than say, painted buffets. It’s easy to frame them or put them in a hoop like my ornaments.

4 – The learning curve is small, you can pick it up in an afternoon. And if you go… years without picking it up you can jump right back in without missing a beat.

5 – The finished pieces make great gifts. You can easily swap colors to make things personalized.

6 – It’s easy to do sitting on the couch and hanging out with the family (as long as you aren’t holding a baby!)

7 – The possibilities are endless. You don’t need a pattern but even if you use one there is an infinite number of ways to switch it up and make it your own.

Are you convinced? Either way stick with me to the end of this crash course in punch needle embroidery basics and you might find yourself in the mood for some punching.

What is Punch Needle?

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

Punch needle embroidery is one of those ‘old’ crafts that maybe your grandmother or great-grandmother did. It uses a pen-like needle with thread running through the middle (where the ink would go) to make loops in a piece of tightly hooped fabric.

You work from the back of the fabric and push the needle though and pull it out through the same hole, move a little bit and repeat leaving a line of loops on the right side of the fabric.

The needle separates the threads in the base fabric making a hole for the thread to go through and when you pull the needle out the hole closes around the thread leaving a loop on the right side.

If your base fabric is too loosely woven your loops will fall right out. The terrible cellphone picture above is my first punched piece.

I made it for my boss, the white kitty (Mister) was our work kitty until he passed away and then she adopted Honey, the brown striped kitty. She couldn’t take a picture of the two of them together so I made one.

Punch Needle Supplies:

Ultra Punch Needle Set (needle + threader)

Obviously you’ll need a punch needle to get started. I exclusively use an Ultra Punch. I have 3 or 4 of them at this point which is serious overkill but nice when I’m working on complicated designs and don’t want to keep switching threads back and forth.

I really like the Ultra Punch because you can set the loop height by twisting the handle into numbered slots. Most of my designs are fairly simple in terms of colors and I like adding a bit of texture with different loop heights.

I bought a cheaper punch needle on Amazon and it sliced through the fabric instead of pushing apart the threads. Saving the money was not worth the headache!

Locking Embroidery Hoop

You need your fabric to be very taught for punch needle. The easiest and most accessible way is with a locking embroidery hoop. I love these from Michael’s, you can get them cheap in the store in a bunch of sizes.

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

Make sure they have the locking rim, the outer hoop has a groove that the inner hoop fits into.

I bought a Spinning Gripper Frame from The Old Tattered Flag for larger designs. There is a learning curve and I’ll be honest I still find the hoops much easier. One of these days I’ll force myself to sit down and really focus on the gripper frame.

Embroidery floss

I really like the look of Size 5 Pearl cotton but it’s not available in as many colors as the regular six strand embroidery floss. It has a chunkier texture that I prefer.

When I’m using the regular embroidery floss I never separate it, I use all six strands at once but you can split it up for more detailed work.

Make adorable Santa Hat Punch Needle Ornaments with this quick pattern utilizing 2 loop lengths for texture
Hat on the left is size 5 Pearl Cotton, hat on the right is 6 strand Embroidery Floss

DMC is the most common brand and the eaiser to get a hold of, it’s available at Michael’s and Joann’s. It’s pretty cheap and if you catch it on sale you can stock up for pretty cheap.

There are other options like Valdani, which is a Canadian brand that makes absolutely gorgeous thread. Their variegated threads are the things dreams are made of!

You’ll have the best luck tracking down their threads on Etsy.


You’re supposed to use weavers cloth but I never have. I do all of my needle punching in scraps I bring home from work, usually a poly-cotton twill or denim.

You want a sturdy fabric with a little stretch that will hold the loops in place. If you want to do it the right way you should probably track some down.

Punch Needle Patterns:

To be honest you don’t need a pattern. But most of us do better with some type of guideline so they are a good thing to have.

I like to do a rough sketch on the fabric itself and make up the rest as I go along. If you like more structure you can start with a purchased pattern, sign up for my newsletter to get access to my free patterns or do a quick search on Pinterest for “Free Punch Needle Patterns

You can also buy patterns pre-drawn on fabric (sometimes even with thread) from sellers on etsy or from The Old Tattered Flag.

How to Transfer a Paper Pattern

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

Now that you have the pattern all printed off it’s time to get it onto your fabric. I use the window method because it doesn’t require any additional supplies.

Simply hold the pattern against the window, place your fabric over it and lightly trace with a pencil. If I’m tracing a more complicated pattern I’ll tape it to the window first.

The other option is a light table, I’ve seen a few tutorials for those online but I haven’t found the need to make or use one yet.

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

With punch needles you’re working from the back so trace your pattern onto the wrong side of the fabric. It’s also important to make sure any words are backwards so when you flip it to the front it’s correct.

How to do Punch Needle Embroidery:

1 – Thread the needle using the threader that comes with your punch. These things are basically invisible and you will loose it constantly. I take a piece of bright colored duck tape and stick it to the end.

I do a lot of punching in bed and I can’t keep track of the threader to save my life. Adding a giant flag definitely helps.

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

2 – Insert the threader down through the needle, place the thread in the loop and pull it out. There is a tiny loop at the bottom of the threader that will hold the thread without slipping

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

3 – Remove the thread from the threader and now place the threader though the hole in the needle. Put the thread back into the threader and pull it though the hole. Remove the threader and put it somewhere you absolutely will not lose it.

4 – Pull the thread back through the tool until you’ve got about an inch or a little more sticking out past the hole

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

5 – If you’re using a pattern now is the time to transfer it to your fabric (I explained one method in the Punch Needle Patterns section above). Place the inner ring of the hoop on the table, center your fabric over it and apply the top ring, turn the screw to tighten.

It has to be pretty loose to fit over the ridge on the inner ring so you’re going to have to tighten it a lot. Make sure all the edges are captured in the hoop

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

6 – Start by outlining the part you’re going to work on. I like to fill in the smaller details and them move out to fill in the bigger sections. You are literally going to stab the needle through the fabric until the plastic nose is resting against the fabric.

It makes a little thunk sound with each stitch. Pull the needle out just until the tip of the needle is free and then move down about an eight of an inch. I always work towards myself, rotating the hoop as I go.

If your working towards yourself the hole in the needle should be facing away from you. I find that there is a ‘sweet spot’ where the needle goes in evenly and it doesn’t kill your hand.

Learn the basics of punch needle embroidery

7 – When it’s time to stop working a color put your finger on top on the thread right where it’s coming out of the needle, pull the needle out and clip the thread. You don’t need to tie any knots or anything. Re-thread and start the next color

8 – When you’ve filled in all the areas and you’re done flip over your work. Take a pair of clippers and shear off any loops sticking up too far.

If this all sounds confusing (it’s sounds harder than it is) there are a bunch of videos on Youtube that show you step-by-step how to do punch needle embroidery. Here is one I like:

Just Keep Stitching Punch Needle Tutorial 

Don’t forget to PIN this to your craft board!


Check out my Punch Needle page for more tips and free designs or start here:

white plastic case filled with various colors of embroidery floss wound into balls, around cardboard squares and plastic bobbins


Friday 20th of August 2021

I'm trying to punch after 25 years on a different materials. 50.50 my stitches will not stay in, before I need shirts for the kids with interfacing on back. Help


Wednesday 18th of March 2020

How long do punch needles last?

Ema lina

Friday 13th of December 2019

Thank you. Really want to start now.


Sunday 28th of July 2019

Thank you! I'm excited to get started!

Amy Snipes

Saturday 27th of April 2019

Hi! I am completely new to punch needling. I bought weavers cloth from a store on etsy. The weave is very small. It seems that the needle is just making holes in the cloth instead of going in between the weave . Is it supposed to make its own holes? Is my needle too big? Thank you for your help!


Saturday 27th of April 2019

The needle might be too big for the fabric or it could have a burr on it that's ripping the fabric. To check for a burr, run your finger along the needle or run it across a pair of nylon stockings or something snaggy and see if it catches.

The needle should push the fabric apart to make room for the embroidery thread and shouldn't rip holes.